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India as a society is slowly learning to outgrow the taboo of infertility by accepting that there’s a remedy for it. Infertility isn’t just gender specific, but it can affect both genders. Fertility problems have been plaguing the population in the recent years even more. Therefore, a sound knowledge of the infertility causes can orient a family about the need for medical attention.
A. In female causes are:
1. Pelvic inflammatory disease
2. Ovulation failure
3. Damage to fallopian tubes, uterus or cervix.
B. In male causes are:
1. Testicular failure due to malignancy
2. Central hypothalamic axis failure
Use of intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilization has become an established practice in medical practice as fertility treatments. With infertility causes being understood, a knowledge on their diagnosis and treatment options is also important.
Often females are clueless as to how infertility can be detected. Nonetheless, tracking of menstrual cycles is considered to be a safe practice to highlight any reproductive abnormality. Infertility symptoms are noticed not on a missed period but consecutive missed periods confirmed by a thorough medical investigation.
Symptoms that are often noted in patients presenting to the OPD are as follows.
1. Abnormal bleeding
2. Abdominal pain
3. Irregular menstrual cycle
5. Cervical discharge